By Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Anushree Malik, Faizal Bux
This edited quantity makes a speciality of complete state of the art information regarding the sensible elements of cultivation, harvesting, biomass processing and biofuel construction from algae. Chapters disguise subject matters corresponding to artificial ecological engineering techniques in the direction of sustainable construction of biofuel feedstock, and algal biofuel creation techniques utilizing wastewater. Readers also will realize extra in regards to the function of biotechnological engineering in enhancing ecophysiology, biomass and lipid yields.
Particular consciousness is given to possibilities of commercialization of algal biofuels that gives a pragmatic overview of varied techno-economical features of pilot scale algal biofuel construction. The authors additionally discover the pre-treatment of biomass, catalytic conversion of algal lipids and hydrothermal liquefaction with the biorefinery method intimately. In a nut shell, this quantity will offer a wealth of knowledge in line with a practical evaluate of up to date advancements in algal biofuel examine with an emphasis on pilot scale reviews. Researchers learning and dealing within the components of environmental technological know-how, biotechnology, genetic engineering and biochemistry will locate this paintings instructive and informative.
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Additional info for Algal Biofuels: Recent Advances and Future Prospects
It showed an enhanced ACC enzymatic activity which subsequently increased the intracellular malonyl-CoA pool. A sixfold increase in the rate of fatty acid synthesis was observed after co-expressing thioesterase I (encoded by the tesA gene) and ACCase (encoded by accA, accB, accC, accD). It confirmed that the committing step catalyzed by ACC was certainly the ratelimiting step for fatty acid biosynthesis in this strain. Nevertheless, enhancement in lipid production was not highly significant, suggesting that effective transformation of fatty acids to lipids was prevented by a secondary rate-limiting step after fatty acid formation in E.
Which are reported for their high lipid-producing capacities (Guo et al. 2013; Gutierrez et al. 2012; Potvin and Zhang 2010). Photosynthetic activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was improved after modifications in light-harvesting complexes (LHC) using RNAi technology (Wobbe and Remacle 2015). The genetically engineered Chlamydomonas reinhardtii showed reduction in photo inhibition, thus improving the biomass yields. Chloroplast engineering can enhance lipid accumulation and biomass production simultaneously leading to increase in the overall volumetric lipid productivity in order to make biodiesel production an economical process.
The predominant cell-wall polypeptide of Scenedesmus obliquus is related to the cell-wall glycoprotein gp3 of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant Sci 215–216:39–47 Waltz E (2009) Biotech’s green gold? Nat Biotechnol 27:15–18 Wan M, Jin X, Xia J, Rosenberg JN, Yu G, Nie Z, Oyler GA, Betenbaugh MJ (2014) The effect of iron on growth, lipid accumulation, and gene expression profile of the freshwater microalga Chlorella sorokiniana. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 98(22):9473–9481 Wang DM, Ning K, Li J, Hu JQ, Han DX, Wang H, Zeng XW, Jing XY, Zhou Q, Su XQ, Chang XZ, Wang AH, Wang W, Jia J, Wei L, Xin Y, Qiao YH, Huang RR, Chen J, Han B, Yoon K, Hill RT, Zohar Y, Chen F, Hu Q, Xu J (2014) Nannochloropsis genomes reveal evolution of microalgal oleaginous traits.
Algal Biofuels: Recent Advances and Future Prospects by Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Anushree Malik, Faizal Bux