By Jonathan R. Barton
The geographical regions and peoples of South and significant the US, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, that jointly shape the political nation-state of Latin the USA, surround quite a lot of societies, politics and economies. this article exposes the variations among locations, areas and nations, participants and societies, delivering a useful perception into the subjects of political and fiscal improvement, and gives a advisor to figuring out energy and house relatives. From the Antarctic to the tropical jungles, the coastal groups to the highland villages, the mega-cities to remoted rural life, the political geographies of lives, localities, towns and rurality are too subtle to be subjected to generalizations. Adopting a severe human geography point of view, Jonathon Barton presents an figuring out of similarities, distinction and complex human geographies.
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Extra resources for A Political Geography of Latin America (1997)
What is to be gleaned for political geography from its engagement with development thinking is that intra-state dynamics define the state and that Latin American states are complex and are agents of change, as are groups of people within those states. Ultimately the issue is that of the political geography of difference and complexity, of the fact that power and space relations are not only inter-state but are very much determined by intra-state activities, by citizens, communities and societies.
Over time, Latin American countries’ terms of trade were worsening. The presumed remedy was the promotion of industrialisation to replace imported manufactures. The policies that resulted from this idea were collectively termed import substitution industrialisation (ISI) (see Baer, 1975). While the structuralists of CEPAL attempted to work within the boundaries of the capitalist system, embarking on reforms of the system to favour Latin American economic growth patterns by improving terms of trade and gross domestic product (GDP), the dependency theorists, dependentistas, were more radical in their outlook.
The Second World War marked the end of the dominating influence of the ‘organic’ state school, since it had been considered, rightly or wrongly, as integral to the lebensraum policy substantiated by the Munich school of geopolitics directed by General Karl Haushofer (Bassin, 1987). Geostrategy emerged as the predominant theoretical school during the late 1940s. While geopolitics, revolving around the nation-state and the international system, provided the focus of pre-Second World War political geography, the later twentieth century has been marked by a diversification of the subject area from its revival in the 1970s as a reconstructed subject area distanced from its geopolitical, especially ‘organic’ state, history.
A Political Geography of Latin America (1997) by Jonathan R. Barton