By Yael Hashiloni-Dolev
This ebook provides the findings of a research into the social shaping of reproductive genetics in Germany and Israel, awfully fascinating social settings, which proportion a annoying historical past.
Based on numerous empirical fabrics (including in-depth interviews with genetic counsellors and survey information on their practices and evaluations, in addition to research of criminal, spiritual, expert and media texts), the learn unearths dramatic modifications among the way in which that the German and Israeli societies handle the query of a lifestyles (un)worthy of residing: whereas in Germany, social, cultural, spiritual and felony stipulations limit the choice of embryos in line with prenatal prognosis, in Israel they strongly inspire it.
A shut comparative research of the ways in which those societies deal with the fragile stability among the standard and sanctity of existence illuminates the debate round reproductive genetics in an unique and provocative approach. The research is usually leading edge in its use of up to date social conception about the politics of lifestyles in comprehending the diversities among societies situated at contrary extremes of their adoption of reproductive genetics. It hence deals an unique cross-cultural dialogue touching on present-day techno-medical manipulations of existence itself.
‘This is a different and brave publication. Yael Hashiloni-Dolev studied the sector of reproductive genetics in Israel and Germany, and located out that whereas in Germany social, cultural, criminal and spiritual stipulations limit the choice of embryos in response to prenatal analysis, it really is strongly inspired in Israel. This unforeseen discovering is brilliantly analyzed by means of the writer. hence this glorious booklet has to be learn and mentioned by means of social scientists, human geneticists, genetic counsellors, bio ethicists and scientific students.'
Benno Müller – Hill, Dr. rer. nat. em. Prof. on the Institute of Genetics of the collage of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
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Extra resources for A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany
Rather, it understands all institutions to be cultural and symbolic as well as part of society’s structural constraints. Thus, following the tradition of cultural studies (Alexander, 1990), I will focus on cultural meaning systems as the driving force behind the differential adoption of reproductive genetics in Israel and Germany. CHAPTER 2 METHODOLOGY COMPARISONS The comparative method used in this study aims at capturing both the general patterns of causalities or regularities across countries and the historical and contextual singularities.
Newspaper materials were also collected. In Israel, during the 5 years of my research I collected every mention of reproductive genetics, either in newspapers or the electronic media. Whenever I missed out on some reports, there were always colleagues, friends and family members familiar with the topic of my research who guided me to the relevant materials. Thus, although the collection of materials 4 In the mid 90s, East German counselors made up about 20% of the German geneticists population, (See Cohen, Wertz, Nippert and Wolff, 1997).
Human Genetics in Germany from the 1960s onwards In the 1960s and early 1970s only a few departments of human genetics offered genetic counseling, while counseling centers did not exist at all in Germany. In those days, new genetic screening technologies were hardly known or available to 32 CHAPTER 3 the public and it was also illegal to terminate a pregnancy for genetic reasons or fetal abnormality (Nippert, 1998; see also a discussion about abortion laws in Chapter 5). It was in 1972 that the most prominent step in the introduction, implementation and diffusion of prenatal diagnosis (PND) took place in West Germany.
A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany by Yael Hashiloni-Dolev